DID YOU KNOW?  -- Three years before the 1995 Srebrenica Genocide, Serbs torched Bosniak villages and killed at least 3,166 Bosniaks around Srebrenica. In 1993, the UN described the besieged situation in Srebrenica as a "slow-motion process of genocide." In July 1995, Serbs forcibly expelled 25,000 Bosniaks, brutally raped many women and girls, and systematically killed 8,000+ men and boys (DNA confirmed).

16 December, 2009


PHOTO: Mustafa Ceric - Bosnian Grand Mufti and a member of the Holocaust Committee on Conscience - observes the mortal remains of Srebrenica genocide victims in the Budak mass grave. Thousands of victims of the Srebrenica massacre had been targeted and gassed with chemical weapons. ↓

During the 1995 Srebrenica genocide, Zdravko Tolimir (aka: Chemical Tolimir) instructed Serb forces to strike Bosniak refugees with chemical weapons. It is unknown how many Bosnian Muslims died as a result of chemical attacks.

Today, Tolimir (photo on the left) pleaded not guilty to new charges of genocide following the discovery of further evidence. The new indictment refers to several more victims of the killings at Zepa and recent evidence on the mass executions at Srebrenica.

The new charges include (1) the murder of three Bosniak leaders from Zepa - Mehmed Hajric, Amir Imamovic and Avdo Palic, and (2) the murder of approximately 39 Bosniaks at Bisina. This is in addition to other charges. The mortal remains of Avdo Palic have recently been been located 14 years after the fall of Zepa.

Zdravko Tolimir was one of seven deputy commanders in the Bosnian Serb army during the 1992-95 Bosnian war, and was responsible for intelligence and security. He was arrested in Bosnia in May 2007 but his trial at the ICTY has been delayed because of his poor health, and last week Judge Kimberly Prost said it would be further postponed for "at least two months" following the new indictment.

Tolimir is accused of committing genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity between July and November 1995 during the massacre of thousands of Bosniaks in the towns of Srebrenica and Zepa. He reported directly to overall military chief Ratko Mladic, who is still wanted by the ICTY after going on the run in 1995.

The previous Third Amended Indictment is available here; PLUS new charges approved on December 16 2009 at this link. See Endnotes (below) for more research.

Background: In April 1992, Serb forces with the help of the Yugoslav People's Army carried out a widespread ethnic cleansing of the Bosniak population of Podrinje, the Drina Valley of Eastern Bosnia where Srebrenica is located. At least 40,000 Bosniak refugees flocked to Srebrenica. That number rose to 80,000 by December 1992. Bosniak refugees had been forced to live in the Srebrenica ghetto with little or not means of survival. Serb Army stationed around Srebrenica never demilitarized, even though they were required to do so under the 1993 demilitarization agreements. In 1992, approximately 100,000 Bosniaks had been expelled from their homes in Eastern Bosnia. Additionally, at least 11,391 Bosniaks lost their lives in the region in 1992, three years before the Srebrenica genocide.

Serb forces stationed around Srebrenica constantly attacked neighbouring Bosniak villages, frequently bombarding them from air and with Serbian airplanes. More than 400 Bosnian Muslim villages were destroyed around Srebrenica in 1992.

In July 1995 the Bosnian Serb army staged a brutal takeover of Srebrenica and its surrounding area, where they proceeded to perpetrate genocide. Bosnian Serb soldiers and paramilitary thugs, both groups commonly known as Chetniks (Serbian Nazi collaborators in World War II) separated Bosniak families, forcibly expelled 30,000 Bosniaks, and summarily executed at least 8,372 Bosnian Muslims - boys, men, and the elderly. Srebrenica genocide is remembered the worst atrocity in Europe since World War II.

DNA results of the International Commission on Missing Persons support an estimate of 8,100 Srebrenica genocide victims. As of July 11 2009, the identities of 6,186 genocide victims have been revealed by the DNA analysis.


Further Research on "Chemical Tolimir" / Zdravko Tolimir:
1. Use of Chemical Weapons Requested by Zdravko Tolimir [read me...]
2. Mind of a Sick Monster: The Trial of Chemical Tolimir [read me...]
3. Chemical Tolimir is Losing his Mind [read me...]
4. Horrors of the Holocaust and Srebrenica Live on [read me...]
5. Zdravko Tolimir Arrested Few Miles Away from Srebrenica [read me...]

Editorial Recommendation:
- Shameful Legacy of Bill Clinton
- Response to Carl Bildt
- Gassed with chemical weapons at Srebrenica
- Congressman Chris Smith speaks against the Srebrenica Genocide denial