DID YOU KNOW?  -- Three years before the 1995 Srebrenica Genocide, Serbs torched Bosniak villages and killed at least 3,166 Bosniaks around Srebrenica. In 1993, the UN described the besieged situation in Srebrenica as a "slow-motion process of genocide." In July 1995, Serbs forcibly expelled 25,000 Bosniaks, brutally raped many women and girls, and systematically killed 8,000+ men and boys (DNA confirmed).

16 September, 2010


Publisher: Institute for Research of Crimes against Humanity and International Law of the Sarajevo University, Sarajevo, 2008, 167 pages.
ISBN-13: 9789958740510

Mujo Alic's book sheds light on another aspect of the systematic killing of men and boys in Srebrenica. The book provides impetus for further research. The recently deceased expert in poison gases collected evidence which indicate that the Bosnian Serb Army used poison, chemical artillery shells and mortar chemical mines during the 1995 Srebrenica genocide. The objective was to capture and kill Bosniaks who were retreating in collumns toward Tuzla.

Members of the Bosnian Serb Army contaminated streams, water springs and wells with poison - including, but not limited to - CS, BZ and LSD-25.

Dr. Fatima Klempić-Dautbašić testified that this was not the first time that Serb forces used poison in the region [see: Pre-Genocide Chemical Strikes Against Srebrenica]. As early as August of 1992, three years before the Srebrenica genocide, Serb forces stationed in notorious villages around Srebrenica killed Bosniak villagers with poison attacks:

"On 8 August 1992, 7-8 wounded civilians were brought for treatment and 2-3 of them were seriously injured, so doctors decided to help them first. I stayed with the rest of wounded who were laying on stretches in the hallway. After several minutes, all wounded died instantly in the same manner. They all stopped breathing, but their hearts continued to beat for several more minutes. The effects of poison gases led to paralysis of respiratory muscles and their subsequent death."

There are 54 more testimonies in this book, including Methodological approach, History of the origins and use of poison in battle, July 1995 use of poison in UN safe zone of Srebrenica and its consequences, The object of employing chemical weapons and ignitable means of battle in the wider region of Srebrenica, and relevant Documents.

Dr. Ilijaz Pilav testified that "A number of people experienced complete paralysis of their bodies, shivering with the absence of conscious, they all had almost the same facial expression: goggled eyes with prominent bulbs, and dry mouth."

Salih Muratovic remembers that "people started losing their mind after breathing in poison gases. Some started to bleat (like a goat), rave (talking gibberish) and behave abnormaly.

According to Nuris Memisevic, "Chetniks captured Prof. Munib and several other people somewhere around 12:00 pm on 13 July 1992. They gave Munib canisters with contaminated water and forced him to carry them away to retreating collumn of men and boys (who were surrounded by Chetniks). They drank this water because they were extremely thirsty, and Chetniks poisoned them. After 10 to maybe 15 minutes, they all went 'mad' and engaged in mass suicide killings. By 15:00 pm the remaining part of the collumn went straight to Chetniks and surrendered."

Further Research:
1. Chemical weapons used against Srebrenica & Zepa civilians >
2. The trial of Chemical Tolimir (Zdravko Tolimir) >
3. 1988 Halabja Genocide and 1995 Srebrenica Genocide >
4. Mind of a Sick Monster, Zdravko Tolimir's Trial >
5. Chemical Tolimir Denies Charges >
6. Pre-Genocide Chemical Attacks on Srebrenica's Bosniaks, March 1993 >